Fat Loss Blog Entry 1: Evaluation Body Composition

Body Fat Measurements

How you can measure yourself in order to ensure fat loss success

I view body composition analysis as an essential part of health and fitness. It gives me key information regarding my muscle mass, body fat, bone density etc. because understanding nutrition and the relevant functions of the human body are fundamental aspects of maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Anyone can benefit from it, not only those trying to avoid weight gain. Even athletes trying to excel in their field need to have regular tests to evaluate their progress.

There are several ways to analyse body composition. High quality analysis machines provide fast, detailed reports, however, these scientific methods are scarce, expensive, and time consuming. Whole-body Air Displacement Plethysmography (ADP), Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are some of the more complex techniques. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), where electrical flow is used to approximate results, is becoming more popular in modern gym facilities. I worked at a gym where I could consistently measure myself using BIA, and what fitness enthusiast wouldn’t take advantage of an opportunity like that!

I immediately became obsessed with the ease at which I could realise minor improvements in lean muscle mass and loss of body fat. As time went on, my familiarity with: muscle proportion; body types; types of fat; metabolism; overall fitness; micronutrients & macronutrients, and a whole host of other topics, grew in a matter of months as I had been using that method consistently every 4-8 weeks.

Gun calipers are now used by most fitness professionals to estimate body fat percentage. Typically, measurements are taken of the arms, upper back and abdomen. There are many types of hand help calipers that differ in quality and price but they all give readings of total body fat. A skinfold test, conducted using basic calipers can be a very useful tool as long as you focus heavily on the consistency of measurement. I recommend Accu-Measure, Fat-Track Gold, Harpenden, Lafayette, and Lange.

Measuring Body Fat

Tape measures can identify changes in size by measuring the same areas consistently. I recommend upper arm, chest, waist, hip, thigh and calf measurements. The weakness with this method is you don’t receive a detailed analysis unless you combine this method with caliper measurements, for example if you have maintained your weight over a 2 month period, it is hard to tell if you have: the same proportion of body fat and lean muscle mass; lost fat and gained muscle; lost muscle and gained fat. You have to have patience and commitment to persist until your body has adapted enough physiologically for you to notice (6-12 weeks).

Self observation is a simple way of realising progress without becoming obsessive about measurements. It is often clear by looking in the mirror every 2-3 months if you have more muscle tone than before, or if your waist is smaller. I recommend taking pictures at the same time of the day, in the same place if you want to optimise this method. There are downsides to progress photos and tape measurements – if you are without professional support you may remain ignorant of nutritional needs and information on the subject of body fat.

If you love technology and have money to invest, I would purchase a heart rate watch with a monitor. You will be able to check your heart rate during any activity as long as you wear both; losing the monitor and only wearing the watch doesn’t help you become fitter! Polar are becoming very popular among runners, and are regularly used by personal trainers for accurate fitness tests. It won’t be long until you understand what level you should be working at to meet the requirements for your particular goals. If your curiosity and improvements lead you to pursue more information then I challenge you to educate yourself on training zones and energy systems. You will soon move up the ranks from novice to expert and fat will be burnt at a much higher rate!

If you haven’t seen an analysis machine and/or you are still unsure which approach you should take, move a step closer to your dream and address your priorities. If you want a little reassurance that you are making progress, then you may be satisfied by compliments from friends, family or colleagues. If you are seeking fast results and aim to lose fat and avoid sacrificing muscle without overspending on technology, you have to: follow a full body exercise routine regularly; progressively improve your diet; ensure you have enough rest to recover; research any local gyms where you can gain access to an analysis machine to track your efforts at the intervals you choose.

If you have decided that you want to acquire noticeable results quickly from physical activity, whether you do it in a gym environment, through participating in sport, or by engaging in a hobby such as gardening more often than before, find a way of measuring your approach as the evaluation process is almost as important as the training routine and diet. It should be inherent in your training cycle but in more detail than randomly stepping onto the scales.

Firstly, I advise you to allocate enough time to think about what you want to achieve most and why. Write your dream goal down, talk about your desired outcome and allow it to appear in the forefront of your mind as much as you can. It was not until recently that I stopped focusing on every goal at once, reassessed my methods and decided to logically order my goals and work through them one at a time. This enables you to develop a masterful strategy, and the ensuing success of your discipline will become instinctive. Once your primary goal has been targeted and accomplished, choose another goal and repeat the process.

In the first 5 years of training, I was oblivious to tracking progress other than looking in the mirror A LOT. I only used a tape measure a few times to see how big my arms were after my third year of training because I saw a picture of a bodybuilder doing it. The goals that I had chosen were unique to me and the motivation they gave me positively changed my life. Everyone has different experiences and lifestyles but the action plan is the same.

Tracking Gym Progress

Choose a goal and track your progress until you accomplish that goal. Those simple, yet seemingly obscure steps, enable you to follow a logical pathway which guarantees you reach your goals, and allows you to promptly set new ones.

If you find that you are demotivated even when considering your goals, you must think of something that brings you joy to change your mood and feel more proactive. According to Vince Lombardi, ‘the difference between a successful person and others is not a lack of strength, not a lack of knowledge, but rather a lack of will.’ I can associate the majority of my sporting and physical success to this quote as the motivation and will power that I possess has driven me to build experience and knowledge in health and fitness. As a result, my actions and words are powerful and influential to my clients, friends, co-workers and family.

I became very attracted to the idea of being able to control performance in any chosen area after the completion of my personal training course. The course leader, Richard Harris of Synergy3 Training, controlled the learning environment by teaching bite size chunks of information followed by a period of questioning. I felt comfortable knowing I could progress through every topic this way and commit to completing the course.

This experience has many similarities to analysing body composition, every time you practice it or are professionally analysed, you increase your knowledge and you feel confident when self-evaluating. It can even empower you to guide others. The layout of the course reassured me that I would progress at a speed where I could retain what I had learnt, enjoy expanding my knowledge, and utilise the information to enhance my fitness and achieve my short term goals of building muscle and strength.

Many personal trainers assume teaching styles which channel their focus on results or money, therefore, the clients, and even the trainers themselves, are not always educated on how the human body reacts and adapts to nutrition and movement. In general, those with weight loss goals rarely care whether they lose muscle, fat or water, as long as they are more confident about their appearance. Similarly, clients objecting to increase muscle mass, are only interested in how quickly they add mass to their bodies without being taught how the body adapts physiologically, or how supplements affect them. The result is a population that uses weighing scales to judge if they are healthy or not.

Acquiring key personality traits such as confidence and patience increases the likelihood of a gym programme being completed, and a healthy diet maintained. This can result from the realisation of small improvements as it is rewarding when you recognise that you were fully responsible for your own success, however, it can lead you to prioritise exercise and minimise rest, creating an imbalance within your exercise lifestyle.

When my confidence and passion for training grew, I didn’t want to miss a workout because I felt more powerful, masculine and popular. I surrounded myself with friends who had similar opinions and approaches to exercise; I neglected responsibilities in higher education; my social life deteriorated outside the gym, but I was so caught up in working out and eating that I had no intention of changing my lifestyle, and was oblivious to any tests or accurate measurements that could be taken.

Many years later, my previous lack of knowledge in anatomy & physiology, flexibility, and nutrition, have resulted in injury and disproportion which have all prevented me from performing and successfully completing each and every one of my goals.

Fat Loss Nutrition

Food and drink also greatly impact results and those who don’t have a firm grasp of nutrition can force themselves into a state of malnutrition. On one hand, obsession over food causes you to eat too much or too little in order to continue seeing results. On the other hand, having no desire to answer the nutritional or physical activity based questions you encounter often leads to weight maintenance, postural weakness, injury, general discomfort, illness and disease. Unfortunately, it is not always purposeful as personal goals can be achieved by using the wrong approach, however, the results will not be sustainable. Use the evaluation process during body composition analysis to educate you, so you consistently allow enough time for the body to be replenished with water, essential nutrients and rest, in collaboration with a balanced gym programme.

Other options are available for demotivated, extraordinarily busy, beginner, financially comfortable persons:

  • Invest in a personal trainer.
  • Find time to read, observe trainers and other trainees
  • Have fun and safely experiment with all methods
  • Prepare food or exercise approach

The top level trainers will instruct AND teach you how to monitor your fat loss, health, and/or increased lean body mass. You will also benefit from very concise information from someone who has excelled in the field. Although it seems expensive, it is extremely worthwhile if you value your goals highly. The personal training service short cuts years, if not decades, of hard, slow progress.

My education has taught me to embrace the struggle of stepping into new territory as the common saying ‘practice makes perfect‘ accurately describes how repetition facilitates the learning process. You won’t remember everything you see or read, but if you habitually set aside time for that, or begin noticing health or fitness sections within newspapers as opposed to skipping through, discarding them or playing Candy Crush Saga, it is natural for you to then fulfill the education aspect of training on your commute, or when you would normally be uninvolved with work or more important responsibilities.

In addition, or alternatively, when you are training in a gym environment or in a park and notice personal trainers training themselves or clients, I found it very useful to sacrifice my training intensity to watch if they track progress through personalised programmes or measurements. You can go a step further and also compare them to what inexperienced gym goers do, and see, over time, who benefitted more.

                                           Exercise Enjoyment

Enjoyment is compulsory as it determines whether you reach a termination stage (when you train and diet correctly for years so the habit is instinctive), or fall into several relapse states and give up. I used to hate certain exercises but learnt to love the fatigue (without pain), as I eventually understood that it was a sign that the muscles were working at the correct intensity for the goals I wanted to achieve. For most women, hip exercises and cardiovascular training seem to boost energy levels, whereas for men, it is more common for them to choose chest, arm and stomach exercises due to the obsession of looking good on the beach in the summer. Find a balanced routine that provides a mixture of fun with serious hard work, and experiment with it and with your diet. Remember you are UNIQUE, and nobody performs in the same way with the same results.

Now all you have to do is DO IT, and don’t be afraid of contacting me to inform me or your chosen methods and results. I hope everyone found this helpful and that most of you made it to the end!


Fat Loss Blog Entry 2: Most Effective Exercises For Diabetics


Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder which results in someone’s blood sugar being high. Exercise is recommended for diabetics in order to help the body to regulate blood sugar levels efficiently.

In my experience, exercise is of paramount importance, whether you have a disease or not, the human body needs exertion. Physical activity should be at the right intensity, so that it is hard but enjoyable. Exercisers come in different shapes and forms and range from bodybuilders to marathon runners, however, those who achieve long term success consistently prioritise exercise and find pleasure in understanding how to stimulate their muscles whilst simultaneously having a lot of fun.

I recommend diabetics to have a mixed approach to exercise

Workouts should consist of resistance training, cardiovascular exercise, pilates, yoga and additional sport related activity. These methods of training are all fundamentals of success but some carry more benefits for diabetics, so I order them as follows:

Resistance based exercise (weight training)

Puts necessary stress on the muscles increasing metabolism and forcing your muscles to use more sugar for growth and repair before, during and after training. Focus on full body movements and short rest periods so a greater volume of repetitions are completed in a short space of time. Squats, pull ups and press ups are the fundamentals.

Cardio (aerobic exercise) prepares the body for resistance training by heating up the body for a minimum of 5-10 minutes. It also effectively cools the body down, which reduces muscle soreness, stiffness and general fatigue. It is also a great calorie burner where endorphins are released which leave you feeling positive. High intensity interval training (choose any exercise and change tempo throughout so you work at your maximum capacity for as long as possible, and plan lower intensity rest periods for you to recover in between attempts) should be incorporated into your aerobic training. I recommend burpees and rowing as they are full body movements, but ensure you have enough energy for them!

Sport specific activity

Trains the body with the benefit of a lower perceived level of exertion. Training with music has a similar effect. You will experience improved balance, co-ordination, agility, power, spacial awareness and speed, this will lower body fat significantly and aid the regulation of blood sugar levels as these skills accentuate the results from the other four methods of training. Skipping, martial arts, squash and swimming are great for calorie burning; swimming, cycling, and some martial arts are fantastic because they are often low or non impact activities.


Develops muscle groups surrounding the spine and teaches you how to breath correctly. Practice pilates at least once a week for maximised muscle contraction, enhanced posture, stress relief, mental clarity. A high level of core stability brings out your true exercise potential as you progress rapidly and feel confident about your waistline.

Top 5 recommended exercise for diabetics


Is what I consider to be the secret ingredient for health and wellness. It takes many forms, some with an emphasis on flexibility, others focus more on relaxation. Consequently, at least one type of yoga will appeal to you. It is imperative that you perform yoga moves at least once a week to lengthen your muscles, create physical, emotional and mental calmness, and counter the stress placed on the body during your other workouts. I love Iyengar, Bikram & Hatha yoga but it is important for you to explore which styles you enjoy most!

All three types of diabetes will improve when beneficial exercise is combined with healthy nutrition. Type 1 diabetes arises when the body fails to produce insulin (the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar). When type 1 diabetics are exercising, they must listen to their bodies by increasing the workout intensity when energy levels are higher and taking the appropriate action when energy levels dip. Type 2 diabetes occurs when insulin becomes resistant and doesn’t clear sugar from the blood efficiently, if at all; these populations will achieve greatness by simply losing body fat. Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women when their blood glucose level increases.

Are you struggling with your condition or finding it nearly impossible to alter your lifestyle? I advise you do the following:

-  experiment with different exercise classes and groups

-  see a nutritionist

-  discover yoga fully

-  watch youtube videos for inspiration from others in a similar position to you

-  hire an experienced and motivational personal trainer

-  find a training partner or several who are interested in joining you for alternative sporting activities

-  be patient and have confidence in who you are and what you are doing

Lastly, it is very common for disheartened diabetics or gym goers to overdo exercise and neglect nutrition. YOU MUST EAT FOODS CONTAINING LOTS OF NUTRIENTS and avoid overconsumption of protein, fats and carbohydrates even if they are healthier varieties. Water is also an extremely useful tool in maintaining a healthy stable weight and assisting your body to burn fat. I shouldn’t have to remind you that processed foods and drinks, smoking, and lack of sleep are hugely detrimental to your progress.

The power is in your hands.

Yours in fitness.